Mothers the Creators of Cultural Terror. Education commences at the mother's knee, and every word spoken within hearsay of little children tends toward the formation of character. Hosea Ballou

Pakistan: Mother 'burnt her daughter to death' over marriage, BBC, 8 June 2016

"Over the decades, successive laws have sought to improve the position of women, but implementation has been lacking because it is mostly in the hands of male government functionaries and the police who consider most violence against women as a "family problem", or even provoked by women themselves."
Why is a Pakistani bill to protect women unpopular?By M Ilyas Khan, BBC News, 17 March 2016

Given women tend to be the greatest advocates-protectors of cultural ethical rationale systems one has to be very careful when determining any lack of implementation of a law regards women which holds limited or no sway in the public-private squares of any culture is because men hold most of the power. For if the legislature which instituted the law of protection for women is comprised mostly of men, voted in by women and men, are unable to enforce the law, the law is an aspiration only, residing outside the actual cultural categorisation of women which women themselves being of the culture necessarily enforce. 

There has to be existent an inherent categorisation of women derived from the cultures codex and exemplar behavior which overrides aspiration which is clearly reflected in the law itself as "it (the law) does not criminalise the offence at the outset." For all, mostly all humans would believe violence of any sort is undesirable, an aspiration, be it perpetrated against males or females.

Yet what happens in reality despite claims of medieval, against modern human rights constructs, when the altruistic enforcers of a culture become more effective for instance via globalisation informed advances in communication, transportation, etc to enforce the normative-prescriptive cultural ethics-behaviors-beliefs social/political method - 
Pakistan honour killings on the rise, report reveals, BBC News, 1 April 2016

Germany's Merkel and other European leaders actions in determining all cultures peaceful and law abiding mothers, fathers children inform the same inherent threat to Other and therefore the border-frontier cultural gates can be opened to all has its answer in their streets and ours.

Is just one child, and the unfathomable grief such a loss brings to a family, community, nation, just one, worth continuing with the lie the peaceful and law abiding of a culture are not culpable for the ethics-beliefs-motivation-categorisation leading to the political/social method of terror utilised by the once peaceful and law abiding who walk from their family, community and institutional floors?

Toronto woman charged with assault, uttering threats pledges allegiance to ISIS in court Staff, June 6, 2017

"A French woman whose radicalised son fought in Syria where he allegedly died as a jihadist is standing trial on Tuesday accused of financing terrorism."
Mother of jihadist faces trial in Paris for 'financing terrorism', France24, 2017-09-05

Muslim mom of a terrorist, who murdered Jewish woman, says she is proud of her son and she wanted him to kill at least 50 or 100 

"Jakarta. A Jakarta court has sentenced a female would-be suicide bomber to seven and a half years in prison, prosecutors and her lawyer said, the first time a woman has been convicted in Indonesia for planning such an attack.

Dian Yulia Novi, 28, was arrested late last year on suspicion of plotting to blow herself up outside Jakarta's presidential palace during the changing of the guard. She was arrested along with her husband, Muhamad Nur Solikin."
Indonesian Woman Jailed for Suicide Bomb Plot at Jakarta Palace, Reuters, 29-8-2017

Angela Merkel let in migrants ‘only to avoid televised border clashes’, BOJAN PANCEVSKI, The Times, March 12, 2017

..organization is going to affect how conflicts are handled. .. The organization by the way it is structured, by its policies, by the way it is managed, by the culture that develops, the relationships it sets up among its members, all of that structuring and context, will have a great influence on how members behave when they’re in a conflict.”
The Art of Conflict Management: Achieving Solutions for Life, Work, and Beyond, Professor Michael Dues, 2010

"Just as cultural variation clearly dictates the language children eventually speak, cultural variation exerts significant and differential influences over mental, emotional, and social development of children. Every culture is characterized, and distinguished from other cultures, by deep-rooted and widely acknowledged ideas about how one needs to feel, think, and act as a functioning member of the culture. These beliefs and behaviors shape how parents rear their offspring. Culture helps to construct parents and parenting, just as culture helps to define mental health. Culture is also maintained and transmitted by influencing parental cognitions that in turn shape parenting practices. Whether culturally universal or specific, controls are in place to ensure that each new generation acquires culturally appropriate and normative patterns of beliefs and behaviors."
Parenting and child mental health: a cross-cultural perspective, Marc H. Bornstein, 3 October 2013

 large body of research implicates families in the development and prevention of aggressive and violent behavior."
Family Influences on Aggression and Violence, Aggression and Violence: A Social Psychological Perspective, Labella, Madelyn H, Masten, Ann S, 2016

".. morality involves a  pointed sense of right and wrong coupled with a sense of shame and, on the opposite side of the coin, a sense of honour and pride.

Humans are moral because we are genetically set up to be that way, and it's of interest that today's small children turned into increasingly moral beings in highly predictable stages. Sympathetic feelings for others in need of help arrives quite early in infants, as does a primitive sense of right and wrong. These developments are followed by a general sense of rules, while highly self-conscious shame reactions, which include blushing when in the wrong, arrive later when children are reaching school age. These learning windows make up a hard wired sequence, but the rules themselves are not nearly so explicitly prepared by our genes. Like infant or juvenile apes, young humans learn the social rules of the group early in life largely from significant others they are with constantly – and the most significant other of all is going to be their mother.

When people learn exactly how to be moral from their cultural environments, this starts with the family.

...the specific rules we internalise from our parents and peers are culturally maintained by local groups, rather than being firmly encoded in our genes. "
Moral Origins, The Evolution of Virtue, Altruism, and Shame, Christopher Boehm,
2012, p 98

"Experiment 1 demonstrated that mothers had a significant impact on children's cognitive bias and fear. More precisely, children who had received a negative parental training displayed an increase in negative information search bias and fear, whereas children who had received a positive parental training showed an increase in positive information search bias and a decrease in fear. In Experiment 2, it was found that children's information search biases after working together with their mothers were predicted by their mothers' initial cognitive bias scores. These findings can be taken as support for the intergenerational transmission of cognitive biases from mothers to children."
Transmission of Cognitive Bias and Fear From Parents to Children: An Experimental Study,Danielle Remmerswaal, Peter Muris & Jorg Huijding, Pages 642-654, 06 Feb 

"There is a steadily growing body of evidence showing that parental modeling and threat information transmission can promote fear and anxiety in children."
Cognitive Bias as a Mediator in the Relation Between Fear-Enhancing Parental Behaviors and Anxiety Symptoms in Children: A Cross-Sectional Study, Lorraine Fliek, Pauline Dibbets,Jeffrey Roelofs,Peter Muris, Child Psychiatry & Human Development, February 2017, Volume 48, Issue 1, pp 

‘..numerous studies have noted that Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), and conduct disorder (CD) significantly co-occur with anxiety disorders. …. ADHD, which is characterized by problems with attention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity; ODD, which is defined by a pattern of negativistic, hostile, and oppositional behaviors toward adults; and CD, which involves a pattern of behavior in which the rights of others and societal norms are violated..’
Co-occurring Anxiety and Disruptive Behavior Disorders: The Roles of Anxious Symptoms, Reactive Aggression, and Shared Risk Processes, Jennifer L. Bubier and Deborah A.G. Drabick, Clin Psychol Rev. 2009 Nov; 29(7): 658–669

"..then the enraged men below her picked up poles and planks of wood, and hit at her until she lost her grip and tumbled down.

Her face bloodied, she struggled to stand. Holding her hands to her hair, she looked horrified to find that her attackers had yanked off her black hijab as she fell. The mob closed in, kicking and jumping on her slight frame."

Flawed Justice After a Mob Killed an Afghan Woman, New York Times, by Pulitzer Prize winner ALISSA J. RUBIN, DEC. 26, 2015

e was taken into custody by F.B.I. agents at her home outside of San Francisco, where she had been living with her young son."
F.B.I. Arrests Wife of Killer in Orlando Mass Shooting, NTY, By ADAM GOLDMAN and LAN BLINDER, JAN. 16, 2017

 we are serious about the fight against Islamism and terrorism, then it must also be a cultural fight,” German Vice Chancellor Sigmar Gabriel told the magazine.
‘Zero tolerance’: Merkel’s rival Gabriel calls for shutting down Salafist mosques in Germany RT, 7 Jan2017

"I had been appalled and disillusioned by what I found in my three months there. The war, despite the optimism of the Saigon command, was a stalemate: a total military superiority checked by their total political superiority. In effect this meant we could win any set-piece battle we wanted, but the other side could easily replenish their battlefield losses whenever they wanted.

What was even more depressing with the optimism I found among the top Americans in Saigon, which struck me as essentially self-deception. There was much heady talk implying that we were on the very edge of final victory and that the other side was ready to crack."
The Best and Brightest, David Halberstam,1969.

“BRITAIN’S ILL-ADVISED AND pernicious habit of yielding before the increasing arrogance of the Fascist Powers was known as the “Policy of Appeasement”. Its leading advocates were the Prime Minister, Neville Chamberlain, Sir Horace Wilson, a very senior member of the civil service, and the Foreign Secretary, Lord Halifax.

The Labour Party, is weak-kneed and vacillating as their one-time Social Democrat friends in Germany, failed to organise any effective opposition, so that, paradoxically, the champions of Appeasement only met with serious opposition from within the ranks of their own Conservative Party.”
THE PUTLITZ DOSSIER, Wolfgang Zu Putlitz, 1957, p 133

"profound and paralyzing risk-confusion....combinations of influence, intimidation, coercion, and aggression. At the same time,.. exploiting, free-riding on, or are propelled by the generalized erosion or outright failure of traditional political authority." 
Outplayed: Regaining Strategic Initiative in the Gray Zone report sponsored by the Army Capabilities Integration Center in Coordination with Joint Staff J-39/Strategic Multi-Layer Assessment Branch, June 07, 2016

This dangerous Western 'Appeasement, self-deception' propensity, however well meant, to seek to achieve a rational discussion with the so called moderates from one end of a cultures codex-exemplar derived fascist behavoral variance and/or believe dealing with symptoms not cause of a cultural war with both hands tied behind your back, believing in time a Western version of reason and/or military-security might-sophistication will prevail over these moderate families, communities and institutions so they cease to send the so called 'few' altruistic enforcers/punishers who walk from these very same moderate families, communities and institutions ="profound and paralyzing risk-confusion". In time as we see in Berlin, Damascus,.. let alone throughout history, proves as we see with the bloody piles already appearing in Western streets such a policy is extremely dangerous for the security, safety of citizens and with it their way of life.

Iran’s Rafsanjani: A legacy of terrorism and repression behind a facade of moderation, WP, By Reuel Gerecht and Ray Takeyh January 9, 2017
The Creators of Muslim Terrorists=Muslim Mothers Parenting Style and Muslim Mothers Heinous Islamic/Muslim Construct of Other=Muslim Children aged 5-7 primed for appetitive aggression=Paris, Syria, Iraq, Turkey, London, Belgium, Orlando, Kenya, Yemen, Tunisia, Boston, Sydney, Indonesia, China, Pakistan, ..
"Since its recapture two days ago, the Sunni city of Tikrit has been the scene of violence and looting. In addition to the killing of the extremist combatant, Reuters correspondents also saw a convoy of Shi'ite paramilitary fighters – the government's partners in liberating the city – drag a corpse through the streets behind their car.

Local officials said the mayhem continues. Two security officers, speaking on condition of anonymity, said on Friday that dozens of homes had been torched in the city. They added that they had witnessed the looting of stores by Shi'ite militiamen."

After Iraqi forces take Tikrit, a wave of looting and lynching, By Ned Parker and colleagues, April 3, 2015

"A total 100,000 bidders from Hamburg and surrounding areas - most of them women .. acquired items from these deliveries of stolen property.

"Ordinary housewives suddenly wore fur coats, traded coffee and jewelry, and had imported antique furniture and rugs from Holland and France..." librarian Gertrud Seydelmann"
Hitler's Beneficiaries, Plunder, Racial War, and the Nazi Welfare State, Gotz Aly, 2005, p.130

How can the mothers or children adherents of any cultural codex which enables the above to consistently occur in their cultural behavioral variance be in anyway determined as innocent, good, moderate when we know for certain what has, is and will exist?

"Police allege the now 16-year-old was taken to a protest at Hyde Park when he was just 12 and given a sign that read: “Behead all those who insult the Prophet

..the mother did not report her radical son to authorities, despite his boast to her he would carry out a terror attack “bigger” than the murder of Parramatta police worker Curtis Cheng."

 arrests: Teen suspect’s mother didn’t report him despite him allegedly warning her of possible attack
, Laura Banks, The Daily Telegraph, October 14, 2016

"ISIS child suicide bomber aged between 12 and 13 was thwarted in Iraq
The boy was detained outside Shia mosque in Kirkuk, north of Baghdad 
His arrest came less than 24 hours after child suicide bombing in Turkey"
"Cubs of the caliphate: As suicide bomber as young as 12 is caught in the act in Iraq, the horrifying rise of Islamic State's child terrorists ", MailOnline, 

"The six-minute video features small children dressed in military fatigues
During the film, the children are seen 'raiding' an Israeli home at gunpoint
The play's narrator urges the audience to 'stab and kill the occupier'
A senior leader of terror group Islamic Jihad also addresses the audience"

'We are the soldiers of the future': Palestinian kindergarten holds shocking graduation ceremony with small children performing military-style terrorist drills, by Darren Boyle for MailOnline, 4 June 2016

Islamic State the Muslim Finishing School: Turkey's Muslim President Recep Tayyip Erdogan ''Democracy is like a streetcar. When you come to your stop, you get off. .. The mosques are our barracks, the domes our helmets, the minarets our bayonets, and the believers our soldiers.”

Mosul chemical attack, victims treated for toxic agents as more civilians flee, smh, Reuters, MARCH 5 2017,

"MAIDUGURI, Nigeria – Two girl suicide bombers died when they exploded Sunday in a crowded area near a market in Nigeria's northeastern city of Maiduguri, injuring 17 people, rescue officials said. ..

One bomber appeared no older than 7 and the second about 8 years old, said Abdulkadir Jabo, a civilian self-defense fighter who stopped them from going into the market. ..

In a particularly horrific instance, a woman suicide bomber carrying a baby on her back was shot by soldiers at a checkpoint on Nov. 28. The shot detonated her explosives, killing the woman and the baby."

Girl suicide bombers killed in Nigeria terror attack, witnesses say, Associated Press, December 11, 2016

 it inconceivable that 10-year-olds will be placed under suspicion? Is it inconceivable that 12-year-olds will be placed on ASIO watch lists? Is it inconceivable, as we've already seen in Europe, that toddlers in childcare facilities are reported through counter-terrorism policies?" said Wassim Doureihi prominent Hizb ut-Tahrir member.
Muslim children should not be forced to sing national anthem, says Hizb ut-Tahrir, Saffron Howden, NOVEMBER, 2, 2015

 will claim some of the suspects self radicalised by accessing Islamic State propaganda in recent weeks."
Melbourne terror raids: Why police moved on Christmas terror suspects,SMH, John Silvester, DECEMBER 23 2016

"A 40-year-old man has been arrested and charged over making threats online targeting Sydney's New Year's Eve festivities. ...
In a statement, Deputy Police Commissioner Catherine Burn said initial investigations suggested it was an isolated incident."

Terrorism squad arrests man at Sydney Airport over New Year's Eve 'threat', ABC, 30-12-2016

 individual can 'self-radicalise' and 'isolated incident'.are dangerous lies for such elite claims determines the very culture which sets, via its infant-child-adolescent-adult development-cultural ethics-morals-values-beliefs-motivation social/political methodology not culpable for, 

1. the level of nigh unchangeable high implicit prejudice at 5-7 years of age underwriting behavior against Other,

2. priming to be prepared for already set cultural scenarios-emotional keys-words to move effortlessly into terror-genocide against Other,

3. schemas of behavior against Other,

4. mental models of categorisation, cultural justification and authorisation of behavior against Other,

5. the very nature of Muslim created infant-child of adherents appetitive aggression, lack of empathy for Other, lack of conscience, violent reactivity to cultural insult as we see when Muslims are rightly challenged as to the efficacy, benefit of such oppressive, misogynistic, violent constructs inherent in their texts-Quran-Sharia law and 

6. Effect of male dominance and exclusion of women from 
of political/social space , massed gathering, authorised utilisation of violence or threat of it to align to male authority in families, communities and institutions, enforcement of Islamic/Muslim objectification of women as sexual slaves to Muslim mans immediate desires, particularly in relation to Other women, on supercharging Muslim aggression.

"Based on the analysis of a large number of mass incidents case combining sociology, psychology’s research results, the mass incidents mood model is put forward. The experiment in this paper, prove that in the event of mass incidents, individual get induced not only due to the leaders and other individual’s emotional interaction, but also the influence of other factors such as the anonymous, scattered responsibility, conformity and other psychological effects leading to the cognitive and self-control ability being abate, which will produce the unified phenomenon, making a lot of onlookers group to join the action, as a result, mass incident expands rapidly."

Flawed Justice After a Mob Killed an Afghan Woman, New York Times, by Pulitzer Prize winner ALISSA J. RUBIN, DEC. 26, 

Iran MPs: “Death to America” chant at Friday prayers in mosques has “turned into the symbol of the Islamic republic”, NOVEMBER 2, 2015 11:16 AM BY ROBERT SPENCER

find that aggression is generally not a maladjusted reaction typical of the socially marginal; instead, aggression is intrinsic to status and escalates with increases in peer status until the pinnacle of the social hierarchy is attained. Over time, individuals at the very bottom and those at the very top of a hierarchy become the least aggressive youth. We also find that aggression is influenced not so much by individual gender differences as by relationships with the other gender and patterns of gender segregation at school. When cross-gender interactions are plentiful, aggression is diminished. Yet these factors are also jointly implicated in peer status: in schools where cross-gender interactions are rare, cross-gender friendships create status distinctions that magnify the consequences of network centrality."
Status Struggles, Network Centrality and Gender Segregation in Same- and Cross-Gender Aggression, Robert Faris, Diane Felmlee, American Sociological Review February 2011 vol. 76 no. 1 48-73

Link between sexual objectification and aggression, University of Kent, By Martin Herrema | 25 January 

 prosecutors have thrown out a case brought by an elderly Christian woman against several members of a Muslim mob who stripped off her clothes and paraded her naked through the streets, her lawyer said Sunday.

Last May's assault in the central Minya province began after rumors spread that the son of the 70-year-old woman had an affair with a Muslim woman — a taboo in majority Muslim and conservative Egypt."

Egypt drops case against mob that attacked Christian woman, AP, By HAMZA 
HENDAWI, 16-1-2017.

"Three women nabbed by cops in the hideout of ISIS killer Abdulkadir Masharipov were sent by the death cult as a reward for the terrorist’s Istanbul nightclub slaughter.

ISIS is notorious for its raping and the sexual trading and torture of women.

The three -- an Egyptian, a Somalian and a Senegalese -- were cowering in fear when cops stormed the hideout, about 40 kilometres from the scene of the massacre, Turkish newspaper Hurriyet reported."

ISIS gifted nightclub killer with three women, POSTMEDIA, JANUARY 19, 2017

“Norms-shared ideas about proper way to behave-are clearer, more firmly held and easier to enforce the more dense a social network. (If a social network consists of n “nodes”. People, firms or other social units, “density” is the proposition of the possible n(n-1)/2 connections among these nodes that are actually present.). This argument is one of the oldest in social psychology; for instance, see the classical account of Festinger, Schachter and Back (1948). It rests on the fact that the denser the network, the more unique paths along which information, ideas about proper behaviour are more likely to be encountered repeatedly, discussed and fixed; it also renders deviance from resulting norms harder and harder to hide and thus, more likely to be punished.” (Granovetter, 2005)

. 'isolated incidents' as it immediately determines such cultural derived acts as individual derived actions unconnected to the thousands past, present and future linked by the exact same cultural construct of Other, fallaciously attempting to disconnect a cultural methodology being manifest across time and space from the very culture delivering it.

 "The action or process of causing someone to adopt radical positions on political or social issues"

Given the definition of radicalisation, to assume a 'radicalised' perspective one has to already be cognizant-know and be committed to core precepts of the culture, the culture itself must have already in place the justification and authorisation and perceived cultural reward for an individual adherent to assume an altruistic position, be willing to sacrifice themselves for what they clearly believe is for the benefit of the culture and the culture itself must have imbued adherents with this belief adherents cannot 'self-radicalise' into such a belief.

Individual adherents do not make up their own cultural context nor ethics. Also from the perspective of the so called 'radicalised' they are not 'radicalised', as clearly the role they assume with the methodology has been determined by the culture as integral to the actual cultures behavoral variance, existent past and present, it is determined as normative behavior of altruistic enforcers within the culture itself otherwise the behavior of terror-genocide simply would not exist, the Muslim culture itself has defined such behavior acceptable even as we see continually each day the murder of Other.

Numan Haider inquest: Father of Melbourne terror suspect did not know son had been radicalised, ABC, By Emma Younger, 8 Mar 2016

Why do the police, politicians lie about a complete impossibility of the existence of 'self-radicalisation' which demands an adherent having to invent a complete non-contradictory cultural rationale moral-behavoral system all on their own, and from infant-child-adolescent-adult utilise this self-invented cultural rationale to be their own parent, family, peer group, community and institution by which their very nature+moral-belief
 self comes to be formed, an act of complete absurdity police and some politicians claim can be achieved in the privacy of a room connected to the internet within week(s)?

It is because cultural ethics-behavior would be determined culpable, not adherent individual behavior and this would mean multiculturalism rather than delivering "a fantastic object-lesson in how people can live together creatively and in harmony" and individual-non-adherent criminal acts of violence would be determined, as it truly is, delivering 'a fantastic object-lesson in how people cannot live together creatively and in harmony' when one of the cultures in the societal space has significant value differences than Other cultures in the same space and also because of the significance of these significant values differences has developed a social/political methodology of terror-genocide to in time have these oppressive values accepted and enforced upon Other. Examples, including Damascus-Syria, of which are strewn across history since the seventh century as well as in our own lifetimes. Facing the truth would mean the policy creators and implementers of such a kafkaesque imposition of terror-genocide against their own citizens under whatever fallible abstract human social/political construct will be held to account.

“It (Damascus-Syria) has seen empires and tyrants come and go; it offers a fantastic object-lesson in how people can live together creatively and in harmony. It is a wonderful city in which to be.."
British Historian Dan Cruickshank BBC series "Cruickshank's Adventures in Architecture, Episode 5 - Connections, Syria, Damascus 2008, first aired on BBC Two in
April 2008

Europe may face a grim future with terrorism as a fact of life, WP, By Michael Birnbaum December 24, 2016

The assurance, sense of security the word 'neutralised' should elicit when your political-security elite emphatically claim a symptom of a single event in a cultural war has been supposedly eliminated according to their self-congratulatory script.

"he (Lenin) was among 40 activists arrested in St. Petersburg and charged with sedition." Vladimir Lenin, From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

'Russian Chief Police Commissioner said the overnight raids had neutralised any terrorist threat.'

"Hitler was arrested and sentenced to five years in prison for high treason."
Hitler sent to Landsberg jail - Apr 01, 1924

'German Chief Police Commissioner said the overnight raids had neutralised any terrorist threat.'

"Police conducted overnight raids across Melbourne's north-west and have arrested seven people."
Australian Chief Police Commissioner Graham Ashton said the overnight raids had neutralised any terrorist threat to the city on Christmas Day, SBS, By Mosiqi Acharya, 23 DEC 2016

Citizens and members of security services does
 such a strategy of dealing with symptoms of a culture's inherent terror-genocide method during a cultural war in truth 'neutralise' the threat to Other cultures? What has history to teach us of the veracity of such single event self-serving rhetoric. 

 and the other security establishments if you really want to stop Muslim terror-genocide, understand why Muslim mothers implicitly-explicitly systemically create terrorists within the Mother's 'good' families, communities and institutions as Mothers have done since the seventh century for the cultural purpose of sending these altruistic enforcers out to war against Other and even their own.

Education commences at the mother's knee, and every word spoken within hearsay of little children tends toward the formation of character. Hosea Ballou

And that education/developing of the child cultural adherent by the Mother+Cultural experience/categories imbues the child with the "long history of disturbed and violent behavior." reactive aggression, even appetitive aggression – a rewarding perception of the perpetration of violence, "God is great! Those who pledged allegiance to Muhammad for jihad. God is great!”. Such behaviors systemically manifest simply do not appear without parental-cultural 

Melbourne terror raids: Seven arrested as police foil planned Christmas Day terror attack in Melbourne, SMH, Nino Bucci, Richard Willingham, Bianca Hall, Rania Spooner, DECEMBER 
23 2016

Or no parental or possibly otherwise observation of 'radicalisation' 'disturbed violent behavior' and why should there be observed 'radical' behavior when the ethics-beliefs are integral to the Islamic/Muslim codex constructs?

The father of an Egyptian suspected of being the machete attacker in Paris's Louvre museum said Saturday his son showed no sign of radicalisation and he believed in his innocence.

Reda El-Hamahmy, a retired police general, told AFP he had been constantly in touch with his son who worked as a sales manager in Sharjah, in the United Arab Emirates.
"I can show you pictures where he has no beard," he said, referring to beards grown by some devout Muslims.

"Our household is a moderate household and mind our own business," he added."
Louvre suspect's father insists son not radicalised, France24, 04 February 2017

Social psychology='few' altruist enforcers created by a cultures 'many'=No Cultural Excuse.

 culture which has, does and will deliver ethics-morals-values-beliefs-motivation social/political methodology of appetitive aggression against Other and even fellow adherents straight from the floors of the many's families, communities and institutions does not deserve to be allowed to continue to exist in any society determining itself as civilised.

Shocking video shows soldiers being burned alive by Islamic State militants in Aleppo.
Staff writers, December 23, 2016

"who had a long history of disturbed and violent behavior."

At Least 12 Dead in Berlin After Truck Crashes into Christmas Market, NYT, By MELISSA EDDY and ALISON SMALE, DEC. 19, 2016

no beards, no robes, no proselytizing-a Muslim policeman“
"God is great! Those who pledged allegiance to Muhammad for jihad. God is great!”
Russian Ambassador to Turkey Is Assassinated in Ankara, NYT, By TIM ARANGO and RICK GLADSTONE, DEC. 19, 2016

It appears from research women-mothers are integral to the creation of terrorists and excusing women from being culpable for terrorism particularly mothers for the creation of terrorists in the first instance via their nurturing of their children simply because they are determined to exist in a Man constructed rationale under which they are clearly subject does not determine women less dedicated to advancing their cultures world view over the bodies of Other and even their own fellow adherents if they believe they are not measuring up to cultural 

"Women of all ages typically outscore men on most measures of religiousness (e.g., Benson 1991). ... Most of the women did perceive inequality but coped with it by cognitive restructuring. Themes of relationship were far more prevalent than themes of individuation, suggesting that women are willing to cope with inequality in part because it is peripheral to their faith experience."
The Power, but Not the Glory: How Women Empower Themselves Through Religion, Elizabeth Weiss Ozorak, Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, Vol. 35, No. 1 (Mar., 1996), pp. 

The idea Muslim women involved in terrorism are simply:

' merely .. "terrified young woman" whose refusal to answer questions from authorities are driven by fear and loyalty to her husband.'

is a complete fabrication

"In September, a Sydney court heard Namoa had an "infatuation with violence" and allegedly told a psychiatrist she could watch beheadings "all day".

Authorities allegedly found "a wealth" of extremist material on her phone, a court heard in August."

"It is alleged that police found a knife wrapped in a shahada (Islamic) flag in Ms Namoa's handbag, while she also allegedly sent her husband a text message saying "I want to do an Islamic Bonnie and Clyde on the kaffir".

Teenagers charged with planning terror attack, SKY, Wednesday, 8 February 2017
'Jihadi Bonnie and Clyde' teens charged with planning Sydney terrorist attack, SMH, Megan Levy, Rachel Olding, FEBRUARY 8 2017

Video: Jihad Sisters, French women bound for ISIS, France24, 2017-02-02

 women are about as likely as Muslim men to report praying daily as (72% vs. 71%) across 40 countries where data are available."
A religious gender gap for Christians, but not for Muslims, Pew Research, BY CARYLE MURPHY, March 24, 2016

"We were flabbergasted to learn that she had become a fanatic," said Renee Haantjes, a college instructor who recalled her as "a normal Dutch girl."
Terrorists Proving Harder to Profile, By Craig Whitlock, Washington Post Foreign 
Service, Monday, March 12, 2007

"A growing number of brides are members of the Obedient Wives Club, and when they vow to obey their husbands, they really mean it.

Wives should be ready to satisfy their husbands at any time, according to the club's female president, and if one wife isn't enough, three more are not just permitted, but encouraged."

Obedient Wives Club, SBS, 30 OCTOBER 2011

"I'm a Muslim those woman deserve more the Quran got nothing to to with sex those who agree with the club should be embarrassed! The men r just pleasing themselves" responded Mohammad Azim, DEC 4, 2011,

Quran Chapter :Al-Baqra Verse No:223: "Your wives are as a tilth unto you; so approach your tilth when or how ye will;"

There is no ambiguity those who claim there is are lying as to a directive to men and women straight form the core ethical construct of men and women in the Quran - it is there in black and white - there is no qualification in this sentence - therefore it stands alone - to be used as it is to justify subjugation of women as are the statements regards Other explicit with tragic consequence to notions of modern human rights.

As the MAN (Translation) said : If a husband desires one of his wives, even if they’re riding a camel, she should fulfil his desire.

And if you are not obedient:

"Acid is the preferred weapon of vindictive men against women accused of disloyalty or disobedience. Common in several Asian countries, acid attacks in Pakistan grew sharply in number in 2011, to 150 from 65 in 2010, although some advocacy workers said the increase stemmed largely from better reporting."
After Suicide, New Focus on Acid Attacks in Pakistan By DECLAN WALSH (NYT) APRIL 9, 2012 "
More than a decade after a vengeful man doused her face in acid, Fakhra Younas jumped to her death in Rome."

Still Muslim women work for the sexual subjugation even of their own daughters as the Muslim Doctors fail in their Medical duty to enhance life as the Muslim religion determines life's diminution particularly for women.

 in Egypt are seeking out doctors' opinions on whether they should circumcise their daughters and, though it is illegal there, physicians are not discouraging the practice, giving legitimacy to a procedure that has serious medical risks, according to a new study led by a former Stanford University School of Medicine researcher."
Egyptian women say doctors don't discourage female genital cutting, study finds, Stanford University Medical Center, August 26, 2016

"Egypt’s Minister of Health Adel Adawy announced on Sunday that 92 percent of married Egyptian women have experienced female genital mutilation. ..
The majority of females undergo genital mutilation between the ages of nine and 12, with only 31 percent of the operations run by doctors, said the Minister of Health."

92% of Married Women in Egypt Have Genitals Cut, Muslim Statistics, May 11, 2015

 clearly have, however psychologically derived and sustained, as women's behavior as a cultural whole provides evidence, a vested interest and determination in the advancement of their culture and behavior literal or able to be analogized from Islamic/Muslim codes and exemplar behavior, even though from outside looking in, from another cultures rationale perspective women have everything to lose, inclusive of their autonomy relative to men, by doing so as well as causing irreparable harm to humanity surrounding them in the process.

"Without the ceaseless pulsating heartbeat of our "categorization engine, we would understand nothing around us, could not reason in any form whatever, could not communicate to anyone else, and would have no basis on which to take any action.
"every culture constantly, although tacitly, reinforces the impression that words are simply automatic labels that come naturally to mind and that belong intrinsically to things and entities"


"Despite deeply conservative and gendered regulation, brutal violence, and widespread coverage of the group’s use of rape, more than 600 women have left Western countries to join Daesh. Researchers explain this recruitment primarily through women’s desire for romantic adventure, deception on social media, and anti-Western sentiment spurred by discrimination and violence in their home states. Using an original dataset of social media activity from seventeen Western female recruits between 2011-2015, we evaluate these arguments and offer a new explanation centered on a religious and political ideology that necessitates a physical hijra (migration) to Iraq or Syria. We find consistent evidence that anti-Western sentiment and ideological commitment drive women’s migration. This finding has valuable implications for counterterrorism policy and security studies, which tend to treat women’s mobilization as separate from general extremism. Our findings suggest female recruits should be taken seriously as motivated insurgents intent on establishing an Islamic caliphate."

Explaining Extremism: Western Women in Daesh, Meredith Loken University of Washington Anna Zelenz University of Washington, April 1, 2016

-Mothers are not innocent participants in the creation of cultural terrorists and nor are the children women-mothers create and sustain from 5 years onwards, imbued with prejudice driving such terror-genocide. Determining  young child terrorists are mislead-duped innocents given the evidence they act upon the exact same prejudice base-conscience and schemas as adults perpetrating the exact same violent behavior can no longer be justified. For to determine these culturally derived children mislead-duped innocents you then have to determine adults operating under the exact same cultural justification and authorisation the same. There is a false assumption these children can be reasoned with where in fact their prejudice levels and therefore motivation tend to be if not the same as adults of the same culture even higher.

"..meta-analysis summarizes 113 research reports worldwide (121 cross-sectional and 7 longitudinal studies) on age differences in ethnic, racial, or national prejudice among children and adolescents. Overall, results indicated a peak in prejudice in middle childhood (5–7 years) followed by a slight decrease until late childhood (8–10 years)."
Development of ethnic, racial, and national prejudice in childhood and adolescence: A multinational meta‐analysis of age differences, T Raabe, A Beelmann - Child development,

Dutch Intelligence Agency Warns of Child JihadistsBy Associated Press, February 16, 2017

Clearly the notion males and females of a culture 5 years of age and over are brainwashed and therefore not responsible for their actions simply does not match the evidence as the exhibited behavior of all children-adolescents-adults of a culture are based upon the same justification and authority of cultural codex primed at an early age and given those being converted from an Other culture exhibit the same behavior when professing adherence to the exact same codex utilising the same justification and authorisation surely the codex itself framing the cultural development process needs to be thrown out of humanities public and private spheres if Muslim child-adolescent-adult terror-genocide is to cease.

 Process by which we learn to become members of society by internalizing the norms and values of society and also by learning to perform our social roles.

"Results indicated that low maternal care was significantly associated with greater total callous-unemotional traits (CU) traits and uncaring and callousness dimensions, even after controlling for the effects of various types of childhood abuse and neglect. Furthermore, there was a significant interaction between CU traits and care, such that aggression was highest among youths scoring high on CU traits who were exposed to low levels of maternal care. These findings draw attention to the importance of maternal bonding to CU traits and related aggressive behaviors among antisocial youth."
Maternal care, maltreatment and callous-unemotional traits among urban male juvenile offenders callous-unemotional traits, ER Kimonis, B Cross, A Howard - Journal of Youth Adolescence, 2013

"Analyses provided support for a direct influence of maternal hostile attributions on the development of child hostile attributions and aggressive behaviour."
A Longitudinal Investigation of Maternal Influences on the Development of Child Hostile Attributions and Aggression, Sarah J. Healy , Lynne Murray , Peter J. Cooper , Claire Hughes & Sarah L. Halligan,18 Nov 2013

"Two women convicted over a genital mutilation procedure on two girls have shown no remorse and only offered "qualified, ambiguous and self-serving" apologies, a NSW (Australian) court has heard."
Women convicted over 'repugnant' genital mutilation of two girls 'showed no remorse'Australia ABC 6-2-2016

"The culture in which one is immersed influences how one behaves towards others on all levels: and individual to another individual, as members of a group towards members of another group, as an individual or group member to the institutionalised social will. Implicit default assumptions about others influence individual cultural worldviews and habit which in turn shape the culture of child rearing that adults provide influencing the next generation and so on."
Neurobiology and the Development of Human Morality, Darcia Navais, 2014

"We are learning that social morality begins in the brain, for without the brain, there would be no concept of morality; the brain allows for interaction among individuals within the community, and this interaction leads to the construction of the framework for moral order."
HARDWIRED BEHAVIOR, What Neuroscience Reveals about Morality, Laurence Tancredi, 2005

"In the Qur’an, Allah is described as ‘merciful’ and ‘compassionate’. Why do we find no reflection of that among jihadis who claim to struggle in his name? Jihadis only possess a pseudo sense of empathy. They may appear to be empathic but it is a narcissistic empathy, for they are only empathic within their own group; it does not extend anywhere into their external world as evidenced by their murderous destructive behaviors.[1] Their stoic, dissociated affect shows neither compassion nor remorse as their fellow brethren engage in wanton beheadings and executions. In shame honor societies where children are humiliated and laughed at for having feelings and emotionality, it is no wonder that the capacity for empathy did not develop during their early years. Research by neuroscientists and mental health experts has shown strong links between violence and early childhood."
Nobody Born a Terrorist, but Early Childhood Matters: Explaining the Jihadis’ Lack of Empathy, by Nancy Hartevelt Kobrin, 2016

"Kochanska and Akasan (2006) conscience is a personality system that gets coherently organised early in life and is relatively stable over time. Individual differences in conscience emerge as a complex interplay between children's temperamental individuality and socialisation in the family.

Kochanska and Knaack (2003) also looked at a negative influence of maternal power-assertive child-rearing style on the development of conscience. This relation was indeed found, and it is interesting that it was found to be mediated by the child's effort control (EC). In other words, this study suggested that maternal power-assertive discipline may impair the child's development of EC, which in turn may impair his or her development of conscience."


"Religious thought does not exist in a vacuum; it both shapes politics and is shaped by politics."
Understanding Japan: A Cultural History, Professor Mark J. Ravina, Emory University, 2015

"Religions, especially, historically as well as currently, are recognized to be chronically implicated in this discord and violence, directed at those beyond their artificially defined boundaries of theological doctrine, and, as often, towards those claiming common religious identities but who have fragmented into sectarian factions and conflict (Mlodinow 2012, 164). Those of us with an eye towards history—or even towards current events—know that any simple congruence of religion and prosociality has never been the case."
Pro-and assortative-sociality in the formation and maintenance of religious groups, LH Martin, D Wiebe, 2016

"POLICE swooped and arrested a doctor’s teenage son in Melbourne before bombs were found at his Greenvale home, foiling an “imminent terror plot”."

A friend of the arrested teen’s family said they were respectable, and did not believe he could have done wrong.

“(He has) no bad preacher. He is a very quiet boy. He cannot drive. His father is a doctor and cannot allow him to do anything wrong,” the friend said.

“He has to look after his son properly."

Police find homemade bombs, arrest teen in Greenvale anti-terror raids

"Behaviour of man arrested in Melbourne counter-terrorism raids improved after attending Islamic centre, father says.

Haidar attended the Al Furqan Islamic study centre and Harun Causevic started going there in July 2014.

Mr Causevic said the changes in his son were all positive.

“Before he started to pray, Harun was in the house aggressive, he broke [things], like a child. But after when he started to pray he really changed behaviour, 100 per cent,” he said.

“Now he was very good, always. Never, never yells, never, never do bad in house."

Father of suspect in counter-terrorism raid speaks EMMA YOUNGER The NewDaily Apr 19, 2015

The reality of 'more' religion creates a parental delusional state regards the altruistic nature of their children regards Other. Taking religious outliers expounding greater positive altruistic motives regards Other on the basis of their perceived religiosity-spirituality is a very dangerous mistake particularly if you are responsible for policy making - responsible in the process of being responsible for fellow citizens lives.

"..children raised in religious households, who are perceived to be more empathetic and sensitive to justice, are in fact less altruistic to their own class mates .... children from religious households also differ in their ratings of deserved punishment for interpersonal harm (F(2, 847) = 5.80, p < 0.01, h2 = 0.014); this was qualified by significantly harsher ratings of punishment by children from Muslim households than children from non-religious households (p < 0.01). There were no significant differences between children from Christian households and non-religious households.".
The Negative Association between Religiousness and Children’s Altruism across the World, November 05, 2015

"..the correlation between marginalization or lack of integration and radicalization are not as robust as is commonly assumed (see Rahimi and Graumans 2015)..
We are hearing and giving more credence to the revolutionary, as opposed to the nihilistic, nature of the claims being made. The revolution in question, moreover, is one which fuses the interests of the person and their personal story with the larger cause and movement. ..
At the core of this difference in interpretational orientation, and hence explanation for what is happening, is our more forthright approach to the intensely religious discourse of the foreign fighters, and the ways they use religious ideas to comprehensively frame their experiences."

Talking to Foreign Fighters: Socio-Economic Push versus Existential Pull Factors, Lorne L. Dawson, Amarnath Amarasingam, and Alexandra Bain, July 2016

The underwriting ethical-moral-belief force for Islamic terror-genocide 'divine vengeance' against Other-out-groups (even fellow Muslims) determines 'Not religion' is a grotesque lie.

"..Killing them all is a holy act."

"Even in integrated theories that account for both personal and situational factors (see Anderson & Bushman, 2002), the bulk of the explanatory power is placed on the individual. In other words, the classic developmental and personality theories of aggression do not necessarily constitute theories of group aggression, yet groups commit and receive more aggression than individuals (Meier & Hinsz, 2004). Groups large and small are synonymous with aggression in society (Baron & Kerr, 2004; Brewer, 2003)"
Aggression between Social Groups, James Densley and Jillian Peterson, 2016

"What I say here might seem to be more political than psychological. However, it is my extensive experience in giving therapy to Muslims that has led me to make this statement: We should not permit the destruction of our cities by lawless parallel societies, with groups of roaming criminal Muslims overloading of our welfare system and the growing justified fear that non-Muslims have of violence. The consequences should be so strict that it would be preferable for any anti-social Muslim to go back to a Muslim country, where they can understand, and can be understood by their own culture."
Muslims and Westerners: The Psychological Differences, by Nicolai Sennels (May 2010)

Police warn of growing role of women in terrorism, Margareth S. Aritonang, The Jakarta Post,

"Women have engaged in terrorism throughout history, but we still struggle to come to terms with the idea of female attackers."
Female terrorists – a surprisingly timeless phenomenon, ResearchGate, by Katherine Lindemann, 21st December 2015

Mothers in concert with a cultures ethical construct of Other it appears have as much if not more culpability for terrorists being delivered to our streets as the father of terrorists, and given the evidence prejudice against out-groups Other peaks at "5–7 years followed by a slight decrease until late childhood 8–10 years" the view that there is inherent innocence and lessened threat from mothers and children from cultures which have terror-genocide hardcoded in their codex derived infant-child-adolescent-adult development process to inform systemic social hostility and terror in Others space is a very dangerous delusional state upon which to base any public policy.

Appetitive aggression – a rewarding perception of the perpetration of violence

"..results show that when civil socialization is replaced by socialization within an armed group early in life, self-regulation of appetitive aggression may become deficient, leading to a higher propensity towards cruelty."
Becoming cruel: Appetitive aggression released by detrimental socialisation in former Congolese soldiers, Roland Weierstall, Roos Haer, Lilli Banholzer, Thomas Elbert,University of Konstanz, Germany, September 26, 2013

Terrorism most immediate threat to UK, says MI6, BBC, 9-12-2016

List of massacres in Iraq, From Wikipedia

“These guys had work, they were reasonably paid, their language was not xenophobic, and from one day to the next found, they themselves arrested at three in the morning,” said Eric Lefebvre, a Strasbourg lawyer who defended two brothers who went to Syria, in the 2014 arrests.
“It is extremely disturbing,” Mr. Lefebvre said. “It means there must be others. The state should be worried.”

French Terrorism Suspects Appeared Anything But, NYT, By ADAM NOSSITER, DEC. 14, 2016

Humanity have adolescent-adult Muslim adherents continually through time and space walking from so called 'good' Muslim family, community, institution socialisation to inform 'appetitive aggression' against Other, even against fellow adherents and we fail to act as the results of this socialisation carried on in the exact same way and for the same reasons since the seventh century becomes manifest before us - how many bloody piles does it take?

Pakistani husbands can ‘lightly beat’ their wives, Islamic council says, The Washington Post, Tim Craig May 27, 2015

"Islam does permit reprimanding and beating the child for purposes of correction and, in fact, orders such action. We find that the youth in the Western countries go astray because of excess of freedom given to them."

"Parents aim to educate children through corporal punishment, but instead of learning good social behaviors, the beatings often have the opposite effect," said Tobias Hecker, a psychologist at the University of Konstanz, who led the study.

"Some people still believe, despite an overwhelming body of evidence, that corporal punishment in some cultures won't result in as many negative effects," George Holden told Reuters Health.

(Reuters Health) - Regardless of the culture a child lives in, corporal punishment may do lasting psychological harm, German researchers say.
"Some people still believe, despite an overwhelming body of evidence, that corporal punishment in some cultures won't result in as many negative effects," George Holden told Reuters Health.

"Physical punishment tied to aggression, hyperactivity, Reuters, Kathleen Raven, Dec 1, 2016

"A major public health problem which desperately needs your attention is physical punishment of children and the violence associated with it. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has just come out formally (2016) with statements that physical punishment is child abuse (p. 8) and that physical punishment should be banned (p. 46). This is a significant public health development."
Physical Punishment and Violence
Paul C Holinger M.D., 2016

Behavior on such a vast scale across time and space emanating from a particular conscience derived from a particular cultural codex and exemplar behavior, such as we see everyday before us, of Muslim adherent appetitive aggression, from as many nations as there exist in situ Muslim communities, to determine such behavior not statistical outliers but inherent of Muslim derived nature, and which must as research is increasingly providing evidence due to Muslim cultural codex and exemplar derived infant-child-adolescent-adult development process, yet still we do not act to protect ourselves nor our children from such a barbaric social construct.

How Do You Stop a Future Terrorist When the Only Evidence Is a Thought? Wrong Question. First realise the 'Thought' is not their own it is their cultures.

"Pregnancy changes a woman’s brain, altering the size and structure of areas involved in perceiving the feelings and perspectives of others, according to a first-of-its-kind study."
Pregnancy Changes the Brain in Ways That May Help Mothering, By PAM BELLUCK, DEC. 19, 2016

I wonder if there is some connection to a child aged 5 having a very good idea, in fact heighted idea, of who Other is and what to do about them? I know this probably a bit off left field the infant-child maybe much more prepared - inherited prejudice-social constructs regards Other via these changes in the mother - research appears to be revealing a significant influence of the mother regards the possible nature of children's, aggression, even possibly IQ and the probability of suicide - are mothers delivering a fit for service cultural product potentiated based upon a mother's theory of mind previous-existent contextual cultural experience, the purpose-survival-advancement for culture-child-her=increased chance for survival to next generation?

Julia Ward Howe - Civil Rights Activist and Suffragist
Did Julia Ward Howe’s children subsequently commit jihad-terror against fellow citizens or seek to have women subjugate themselves to Man’s ‘Leadership’? Why not?

This book is dedicated to the memory of
Julia Ward Howe
because in the vital matters fundamentally affecting the life of the Republic, she was as good a citizen of the Republic as Washington and Lincoln themselves. She was in the highest sense a good wife and a good mother; and therefore she fulfilled the primary law of being. She brought up with devoted care and wisdom her sons and daughters. At the same time she fulfilled her full duty to the Commonwealth from the public standpoint. She preached righteousness and she practised righteousness. She sought the peace that comes as the handmaiden of welldoing. She preached that stern and lofty courage of soul which shrinks neither from war nor from any other form of suffering and hardship and danger if it is only thereby that justice can be served. She embodied that trait more essential than any other in the make-up of the men and women of this Republic – the valour of righteousness.

Julia Ward Howe
Mine eyes have seen the glory of the coming of the Lord;
He is trampling out the vintage where the grapes of wrath are stored;
He hath loose the fateful lightning of His terrible swift sword,
His truth is marching on.

I have seen Him in the watch-fires of hundred circling camps;
They have builded Him and alter in the evening dews and damps;
I can read His righteous sentence by the dim and flaring lamps,
His day is marching on.

I have read a fiery gospel, writ in burnished rows of steel;
“As ye deal with my contemners, so with you my grace shall deal;
Let the Hero, born of woman, crushed the serpent with His heel,
Since God is marching on.”

He has sounded forth the trumpet that shall never call retreat;
He is sifting out the hearts of men before his judgement seat;
Oh, be swift, my soul, to answer him! be jubilant, my feet,
Our God is marching on.

In the beauty of the lilies, Christ was born across the sea,
With a glory in His bosom that transfigures you and me;
As he died to make men holy, let us die to make men free,
While God is marching on.

Dedication from FEAR OF GOD AND TAKE YOUR OWN PART, by Theodore Roosevelt, 1916

The "The Battle Hymn of the Republic" was written by Julia Ward Howe after visiting Washington, D.C. in November 1861, and meeting Abraham Lincoln at the White House. Julia Ward Howe founded the weekly Woman’s Journal, a suffragist magazine in 1870.

"..the parents refused to send their daughters to the lessons, and in 2010, the officials imposed a fine of 1,400 Swiss francs, about $1,380. The parents, Aziz Osmanoglu and Sehabat Kocabas, who have both Swiss and Turkish nationality, decided to sue.

On Tuesday, the European Court of Human Rights upheld the Swiss officials’ decision, rejecting the parents’ argument that the Swiss authorities had violated the “freedom of thought, conscience and religion” guaranteed by the European Convention on Human Rights, which the court enforces.

“The public interest in following the full school curriculum should prevail over the applicants’ private interest in obtaining an exemption from mixed swimming lessons for their daughters,” the court found.

The case was the latest to pit freedom of religion against the imperative of social integration, and to raise the question of whether — and how much — a government should accommodate the religious views of Muslim citizens and residents, many of them immigrants.

The ruling could set an important precedent in other cases in which religious and secular values or norms come into conflict.

The decision comes as Europe has been struggling to integrate migrants, many from majority-Muslim countries where religious and social mores, particularly around gender and sexuality, can be at odds with liberal and secular norms of the societies where they have sought refuge."

Muslim Girls in Switzerland Must Attend Swim Classes With Boys, Court Says, NTY, By DAN BILEFSKY, JAN. 10, 2017

Muslim Boys at a Swiss School Must Shake Teachers’ Hands, Even Female Ones NTY, By DAN BILEFSKY, MAY 26, 2016


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